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On these pages the research group »Research on Teachers and Teacher Education« informs about current and finished research projects.



Tübingen Inventory to Measure Value-Orientation in the Teaching Profession (TIVO)

Research on the professional ethos of teachers focuses on different perspectives (virtue, care, codes of conduct, etc.) and among these one perspective focuses on the importance of values and value-orientations in the teaching profession. Both national (German) and international literature contains numerous value-orientations—mostly derived from a heuristic approach—that are considered important for the professional actions of teachers. Besides instruments like the 'Rokeach Value Survey' or the 'Portrait Value Questionnaire', that record generally relevant value-orientations in societies, there is no individual instrument for the empirical recording of specific value-orientations in the teaching profession so far. With the development of the 'Tübingen Inventory to Measure Value-Orientation in the Teaching Profession' (TIVO), an instrument is being developed that records specific value orientations in the teaching profession within the framework of standardised surveys for the first time. In addition, studies in the United States of America, India and China are aimed at further construct validation in an international context. After successful development and testing in the field, the instrument will be able to generate new insights within the discourse of values in research on the professional ethos of teachers.


Merk, S., Drahmann, M., & Cramer, C. (angenommen). Development and Validation of the ‘Tübingen Inventory to Measure Teachers’ Profession-Specific Value Orientations’ (TIVO). AERA Open. 

Drahmann, M., Merk, S., & Cramer, C. (2019). Werthaltungen im Lehrerberuf. Forschungsstand zu deren Erfassung und Konstruktvalidierung des ‚Tübingen Inventory for Measuring Value Orientation in the Teaching Profession‘ (TIVO). In C. Rotter, C. Schülke & C. Bressler (Hrsg.), Lehrerhandeln – eine Frage der Haltung? (S. 174–193). Weinheim: Beltz Juventa.

Drahmann, M., Merk, S., & Cramer, C. (2019). Value as a component of teacher ethos in times of migration. In E. Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger, H. J. Abs & P. Müller (Eds.), Thematic papers based on the Conference „Migration, Social Transformation, and Education for Democratic Citizenship“ (pp. 177–189). Duisburg-Essen: University of Duisburg-Essen.





Dr. Colin Cramer is professor of research on teachers and teacher education with special emphasis on subject-matter teaching and learning. He is member of the ›Institute of Education‹ as well as of the ›Tuebingen School of Education‹. His research focusses on systematic and empirical research in the field of education. Special emphasis is placed on the teaching profession, teacher education, and educational leadership.


The aim of the research is to make systematic and basic theoretical as well as empirical contributions to questions of education. Research on teachers and teacher education as a focal point has the aim to understand who teachers and school leaders are, under which circumstances they work and how they can be prepared for their tasks appropriately in initial teacher education as well as in further professional development.


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Research – Relevance – Responsibility. Exzellenz in der Lehrerbildung – Etablierung innovativer Strukturen an der Tübingen School of Education (TüSE) wird im Rahmen der gemeinsamen Qualitätsoffensive Lehrerbildung von Bund und Ländern aus Mitteln des Bundesministeriums für Bildung und Forschung gefördert.

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+49 (0)7071 29-75523
(Gabriela Knuth, Secretary)
+49 (0)7071 29-72729
(Prof. Cramer)


Prof. Dr. Colin Cramer
University of Tuebingen
Tuebingen School of Education
Wilhelmstrasse 31 | Room 204
72074 Tuebingen

Office Hours:
Wednesday 14.15 to 15.45
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